A will is supposed to be a document through which a decedent communicates their desire for the disposition of their assets and property. In California a person must have the requisite mental capacity and be at least 18 years of age in order to create a valid will. However, even a properly executed will may face challenges by those who stand to inherit, or not inherit, under the terms of the testamentary document. This post will discuss several grounds on which a will may be challenged but will not provide a comprehensive discussion of this detailed topic.
A trust can be revocable or irrevocable. It may be a constructive trust or an express trust. It can be created to protect the financial interests of the beneficiary through a spendthrift trust or it may be set up to benefit a charity rather than a specific person or group of people. There are numerous ways that people in California can set up their trusts, and in turn, numerous ways that they can make trust planning mistakes if they fail to take the appropriate considerations when establishing these important estate planning tools.
Often when considering the benefits of estate planning Californians think about the importance of having plans in place for the disposition of their property upon their deaths. However, there is a particular estate planning tool that individuals can forget about that serves them during the critical periods of time when they are still alive but mentally or physically unable to make decisions for themselves.
The topic of inheritance, and in this case disinheritance, can be a very touchy subject for California families. It is generally believed that when a person dies their assets and property will pass to a spouse and if they do not have a spouse then their assets and wealth will pass to their kids. This is the usual pattern of events if a person dies intestate (without a will). If a person has a will, though, they can take an active role in who does and does not have rights to their post-death estate.
Individuals often recognize the importance of having an estate plan, even if they have not yet created one of their own. Drafting a will and executing trusts can be sobering for some Californians as they come to terms with the fact that their estate planning documents will generally only come into power once they, the creators of the documents, are dead. Often individuals create these and other testamentary devices all at once, so that their estate plans are complete. However, it is not uncommon for individuals to simply forget about the contents of their estate plans as time passes on.